Brush up on your international shipping vocabulary or find the definition for a specific shipping or customs term.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Term

Description

Landbridge

Movement of cargo by water from one country through the port ofanother country thence using rail or truck to an inland point in that countryor to a third country. As example a through movement of Asian cargo to Europeacross North America.

LandedCost

The total cost of a good to a buyer including the cost oftransportation.

LandingCertificate

Certificate issued by consular officials of some importingcountries at the point or place of export when the subject goods are exportedunder bond.

LandingGear

A support fixed on the front part of a chassis (which isretractable), used to support the front end of a chassis when the tractor hasbeen removed.

Lanemeter

Primarily used to indicate the cargo capacity of a roll on/roll offcar carrier. It is one meter of deck with a width of 2.5 to 3.0 meters.

LASH

A maritime industry Lighter Aboard Ship. A specially constructed vessel equipped with anoverhead crane for lifting specially designed barges and stowing them intocellular slots in an athwartship position.

LAYCAN

Lay days/Cancelling (date) Range of dates within the hirecontract must start.

LCL

Less than Container Load.The quantity of freight which is less than that required for the application ofa container load rate. Loose Freight.

LessThan Truckload

Also known as LTL or LCL.

Letterof Indemnity

In order to obtain the clean bill of lading the shipper signs aletter of indemnity to the carrier on the basis of which may be obtained theclean bill of lading although the dock or mates receipt showed that theshipment was damaged or in bad condition.

Licenses

Some governments require certain commodities to be licensedprior to exportation or importation. Clauses attesting to compliance are oftenrequired on the B/L. Various types issued for export (general validated) andimport as mandated by government(s).

Lien

A legal claim upon goods for the satisfaction of some debt orduty.

Lightening

A vessel discharges part of its cargo at anchor into a lighterto reduce the vessels draft so it can then get alongside a pier.

Lighter

An open or covered barge towed by a tugboat and used mainly in harboursand inland waterways to carry cargo to/from alongside a vessel.

Lighterage

Refers to carriage of goods by lighter and the charge assessedthere from.

Line Haul

Transportation from one city to another as differentiated fromlocal switching service.

Liner

A vessel advertising sailings on a specified trade route on aregular basis. It is not necessary that every named port be called on everyvoyage.

List

The amount in degrees that a vessel tilts from the vertical.

LNG(Liquefied Natural Gas)

Natural gas will liquefy at a temperature of approximately 259 For 160 C at atmospheric pressure. One cubic foot of liquefied gas will expandto approximately 600 cubic feet of gas at atmospheric pressure.

LNGC (LNG Carrier)

An oceangoing ship specially constructed to carry LNG in tanksat 160 C. Current average carrying capacity of LNGs is 125000 cubic metres.Many LNGCs presently under construction or on order are in the 210000 215000 cubicmetre range.

LoadLine

The waterline corresponding to the maximum draft to which avessel is permitted to load either by freeboard regulations the conditions ofclassification or the conditions of service.

LocalCargo

Cargo delivered to/from the carrier where origin/destination of thecargo is in the local area.

Long Ton

2240 pounds

Longshoreman

Individual employed in a port to load and unload ships.

Loose

Without packing.

Low Boy

A trailer or semi trailer with no sides and with the floor ofthe unit close to the ground.

Memorandum of Understanding (MOU)

A legal document describing an agreement between parties.