Brush up on your international shipping vocabulary or find the definition for a specific shipping or customs term.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Term

Description

Tail

Rear of a container or trailer opposite the front or nose.

Tare Weight

In railcar or container shipments the weight of the empty railcar or empty container.

Tariff (Trf.)

A publication setting forth the charges rates and rules of transportation companies.

TBN

To Be Nominated (when the name of a ship is still unknown).

Telex

Used for sending messages to outside companies. Messages are transmitted via Western Union ITT and RCA. Being replaced by fax and internet.

Temperature Recorder

A device to record temperature in a container while cargo is en route.

Tender

The offer of goods for transportation or the offer to place cars or containers for loading or unloading.

Tenor

Time and date for payment of a draft.

Terminal

An assigned area in which containers are prepared for loading into a vessel train truck or airplane or are stacked immediately after discharge from the vessel train truck or airplane.

Terminal Charge

A charge made for a service performed in a carriers terminal area.

Terms of Sale

The point at which sellers have fulfilled their obligations so the goods in a legal sense could be said to have been delivered to the buyer. They are shorthand expressions that set out the rights and obligations of each party when it comes to transporting the goods.

TEU

Twenty foot Equivalent Unit.

Third Party Logistics (3PL)

A company that provides logistics services to other companies for some or all of their logistics needs. It typically includes warehousing and transportation services. Most 3PLs also have freight forwarding licenses.

Through Rate

The total rate from the point of origin to final destination.

Throughput Charge

The charge for moving a container through a container yard off or onto a ship.

Time Charter

A contract for leasing between the ship owners and the lessee. It would state e.g. the duration of the lease in years or voyages.

Time Draft

A draft that matures either a certain number of days after acceptance or a certain number of days after the date of the draft.

TIR

Transport International par la Route. Road transport operating agreement among European governments and the United States for the international movement of cargo by road. Display of the TIR carnet allows sealed container loads to cross national frontiers without inspection.

Ton Mile

A unit used in comparing freight earnings or expenses. The amount earned from the cost of hauling a ton of freight one mile.The movement of a ton of freight one mile.

Tonnage

100 cubic feet.

Top Air Delivery

A type of air circulation in a container. In top air units air is drawn from the bottom of the container filtered through the evaporator for cooling and then forced through the ducted passages along the top of the container. This type of airflow requires a special loading pattern.

Towage

The charge made for towing a vessel.

Tractor

Unit of highway motive power used to pull one or more trailers/containers.

Trade Acceptance

A time or a date draft that has been accepted by the buyer (the drawee) for payment at maturity.

Traffic

Persons and property carried by transport lines.

Trailer

The truck unit into which freight is loaded as in tractor trailer combination. See Container.

Tramp Line

Ocean carrier company operating vessels not on regular runs or schedules. They call at any port where cargo may be available.

Tranship

To transfer goods from one transportation line to another or from one ship to another.

Transhipment Port

Place where cargo is transferred to another carrier.

Transport

To move cargo from one place to another.

Transportation &, Exit (T&,E)

Allows foreign merchandise arriving at one port to be transported in bond through the U.S. to be exported from another port without paying duty.

Transportation Worker Identification Cre

Established by Congress through the Maritime Transportation Security Act (MTSA) and is administered by the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) and U.S. Coast Guard. TWICs are tamper resistant biometric credentials that will be issued to all credentialed merchant mariners and to workers who require unescorted access to secure areas of ports vessels or outer continental shelf facilities.

Trust Receipt

Release of merchandise by a bank to a buyer while the bank retains title to the merchandise. The goods are usually obtained for manufacturing or sales purposes. The buyer is obligated to maintain the goods (or the proceeds from their sales) distinct from the remainder of the assets and to hold them ready for repossession by the bank.

Turnaround

In water transportation the time it takes between the arrival of a vessel and its departure.

Twist Locks

A set of four twistable bayonet type shear keys used as part of a spreader to pick up a container or as part of a chassis to secure the containers.

Two Way Pallet

A pallet so designed that the forks of a fork lift truck can be inserted from two sides only.

UCP

the Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits published by the International chamber of Commerce. This is the most frequently used standard for making payments in international trade, e.g. paying on a Letter of Credit. It is most frequently referred to by its shorthand title UCP No. 500. This revised publication reflects recent changes in the transportation and banking industries such as electronic transfer of funds.

UFC

Uniform Freight Classification.